Introduction to Vine Plants: Vine Flowering Plants

Decorative Function of Vine Flowering Plants

Vine Flowering PlantsVine flowering plants enhance the design and emanate beauty in a flower garden. They provide a lavish coverage of green foliage, colorful flowers, and fragrance, with the added benefit of hiding unsightly structures. Especially where space is at a minimum, they block out unwanted views and providing a private garden oasis retreat while giving the illusion of a much larger space. Vine flowering plants provide beautiful accents on garden structures, such as walls, fences, pergolas, porches, gazebos, and patios. Supportive garden structures for these sprawling plants include trellises, arbors, metal topiaries, and garden obelisks.

 

Types of Vine Flowering Plants

Vines are classified based on their plant forms and the way they climb and adhere to structures and other plants (such as trees). The supports used for several vines depend on the plant’s weight. Some consist of light, thin growth, while others, like mature Wisteria, have strong, thick woody branches requiring a much more substantial support.

 

Twiners

TwinersTwiners are vines whose complete stem grows up and around structures like poles, wires, and trellises. Those vines lighter in weight include clematis and honeysuckle. More prolific climbers, like Wisteria, require much stronger support as mature growth is heavy. Popular twiners are morning glories, black-eyed Susan vine, moonflower, canary bird vine, hyacinth bean, nasturtium scarlet runner bean, and purple bell vine.

 

 

Adhesive Pads

Self-clinging plants require no help. Some attach with adhesive pads that stick to whatever it comes in contact with – house, tree, wall, fence. A popular self-clinging climber is Boston Ivy. Though they require no work while starting out, once established their maintenance entails regular cutting back. Left by itself, they can grow out of control, damaging gutters, overtaking trees, and makes irradiation a major feat.

 

Clinging Stem Roots

A different group of climbers attaches themselves through clinging stem roots. The plant produces short stem roots that attach at various places as it proceeds to grow. Some popular types are climbing hydrangea, Boston Ivy, and climbing clematis. Caution is warranted as these roots can embed themselves into cracks in brick or wood. Should you want to prevent damage, avoid old brick and wood. Use metal structures instead. Another alternative is to attach a trellis, at least 6″ from vulnerable structures for the vine to grow. Trellises can be mounted to fences to make them re-moveable for repair or painting.

 

Scramblers

ScramblersSome vines use hooks and thorns to attach with, such as climbing roses, though they are not enough on their own to securely attach. Secure these plants to garden or plant structures such as pergolas, trellises or wires to support and direct their growth. Though these vine flowering plants are unable to attach by themselves, with the gardener’s help, they serve the same purposeful use and display of color, scent, and coverage;Also, known as scramblers, they are a type of vine plant whose bendable stems need attaching to a garden structure. They provide beautiful vertical cover. A favorite scrambler is Bougainvillea.

 

 

Tendrils

CTendrilslimbing vine plants with tendrils just need some directional help. Tendrils are thin growths off of stems or leaves that coil around a support, anchoring the plant. They latch onto metal structures, wires, or anything narrow enough for the tendril to grasp around. A classic vine flowering plant that attaches this way is sweet peas.

 

Annual Vine Flowering Plants

Sweet peas are known as the ‘queen of annual vines.’ They are just one of many annual vines, which provide season perks for the flower gardener. Since annuals are plants that complete their life cycle in a year, they are a prolific grower with a burst of abundant colorful flowers during the spring and summer months. Seedlings can be started early in a greenhouse or planted directly after the last frost. Since they are not permanent, they are perfect for experimenting to see how their color, foliage, texture, and fragrance fit into your garden. Each year plant a new annual vine to see how it fits into your garden. Most of these plants need hot sun and are an excellent source of shade during summer months.

 

Variety of Vine Flowering Plants

Variety of Vine Flowering PlantsThere are many decorative possibilities with vine flowering plants. Many are prized for their fragrance, such as Star Jasmin, while some, like Wisteria, drape beautiful colored flowers as well as fragrance from the tops of strong pergolas and walls. Combining vine flowering plants adds variety in color and texture. Clematis is a vine flowering plant with some deciduous and some evergreen varieties. It blends perfectly with roses. Lonicera sempervirens, a climbing honeysuckle, is noninvasive and though classified as deciduous, in milder climate is evergreen. Like many flowering vines, it attracts butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.

 

Planning is essential when choosing vine flowering plants. Some are deciduous, leaving bare branches in fall and winter. For garden locations, particularly when a blanket of foliage is needed year-round to hide unsightly structures, choose evergreen vines. There are several vine flowering plants to enhance the look of your garden, delight the senses, and uplift the spirit.

 

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